of the island of hispaniola bartolome de las casas

The elder Las Casas was a merchant who decided to accompany Nicolas de Ovando on an expedition to Hispaniola. The proof that Sepulveda uses to support his position is the glimpse the Spaniards noted in the short time they observed the Indians. Due to the reason of not understanding the ways of the Indians Spaniards such as Sepulveda came to conclusions that were unjust to the Indians.  In 1514, he returned his Indian serfs to the governor of Santo Domingo, and a year later, traveled to Spain to defend the natives and plead for their better treatment. After his failure, Las Casas decided to devote his life to religious service. b. Spanish colonials, following the lead of Bartolomé de Las Casas, were much less harsh toward the American natives than the Spanish government urged them to be. When Columbus took possession of the island in 1492, he named it Insula Hispana in Latin and La Isla Española in Spanish, with both meaning "the Spanish island". Many older sources give 1474 as the year of his birth. Las Casas knew Christopher Columbus — his father and brother went with Columbus on his second voyage, and Bartolome edited Columbus’s travel journals.  The battles that were sometimes won in the debating halls of Salamanca and Madrid were nearly always lost among the hard realities of life in Mexico and Peru.”Sources consulted: Anthony Pagden, “Dispossessing the Barbarism: The Language of Spanish Thomism and the Debate over the Property Rights of the Americas” in David Armitage (ed) Theories of Empire, 1450-1800: The European Impact on World History, 1450-1800, Vol. Slaves from Africa who had begun arriving in the 1530s had slowly replaced the indigenous labor force. The Indians acted as serfs and paid the encomendero tribute in gold, kind, or labor in exchange of protection and evangelization. When the “Christians” arrived to the Indies the Indians viewed them as people from Heaven and soon found out that they were anything but that. He had more knowledge of the islands than many; his father had accompanied Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) on his first voyage. Bartolome de Las Casas (1484–1566), author of this text. Margaret Kohn  "Colonialism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed. Due to his service, the Spanish crown rewarded him with an encomienda (a royal land grant including native inhabitants) as it was the custom of the time to pay for the services of those Spaniards participating in the exploration of the new territories. Bartolomé de Las Casas, 1552 An implication of Las Casas' argument is that a major cause of the decline of the native population in the Americas after 1492 was. We saw that Christians acted cruelly against Indians many many times without any reasonable cause. I wish I could believe Las Casas was a liar, but his brutal honesty wipes away every possible doubt. After being ordained as a priest in 1510, he worked to improve the condition of the native peoples and to end their enslavement and forced labor. Las Casas Time Line 1484 Born in Seville to Pedro de Las Casas, a small merchant wealthy enough to send his son to learn Latin in the academy at the cathedral of Seville in 1497.Many older sources give 1474 as the year of his birth. How did de las Casas come to feel about the encomienda system? Bartolomé de Las Casas was an outspoken critic of the Spanish colonial government in the Americas.Las Casas was especially critical of the system of slavery in the West Indies.In 1515–16 he developed a plan for the reformation of the Indies with the help of religious reformer Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros.The plan ended in disaster, but Las Casas did not give up. 1506 Returns briefly to Europe where he is ordained a deacon in Rome. Bartolomé de Las Casas, "Of the Island of Hispaniola" (1542) God has created all these numberless people to be quite the simplest, without malice or duplicity, most obedient, most faithful to their natural Lords, and to the Christians, whom they serve; the most After the emperor approved these new laws, Las Casas became bishop of Chipas in today’s Guatemala, where he oversaw their enforcement and the evangelization campaigns. It ceased to be a hereditary grant, and the encomenderos had to set free their Indians. 1513 Takes part in the violent and bloody conquest of Cuba and receives Indian serfs for his efforts. c. the Spanish monarchy, by special agreement with the papacy, had extensive powers over Church activities in the Americas. ... traveling to the Island of Hispaniola.   He became a doctrinero, lay teacher of catechism, and began evangelizing the indigenous people, whom the Spaniards called Indians. Las Casas originally intended this account to reach the royal administration of Spain; however, it soon found its way into the hands of many international readers, especially after translation. 20.  By 1492, Isabella of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragón had set the foundations for the unification of the several kingdoms that would later conform Spain. For instance at one point De Las Casas goes as far as to say that 12 million (then it changed to 13 and then again to 15 million) natives were there when the Spanish arrived and at the time he wrote Destruction of the Indies there were only 400 left, all of whom were killed by Spanish settlers. Never before had I known how good and virtuous the natives, at least a large portion of them, were toward the settlers and in their lifestyles. 1511 On August 15, Pentecost Sunday, listens to a sermon by a Dominican priest, Father Antonio de Montesinos on the text "I am a voice crying in the wilderness," denouncing Spain's treatment of the Indians. Bartolomé de Las Casas, "Of the Island of Hispaniola" (1542) Bartolome de Las Casas served as a Spanish missionary in Latin America.  In fact, the indigenous population of Hispaniola, the island where Columbus landed, reduced from 250,000 to 15,000 in two decades due to the war and forced labor. 20.  He argued that the Indians were free subjects of the Castilian crown, and their property remained their own. He was appointed as the first resident Bishop of Chiapas, and the first officially appointed "Protector of the Indians". He earns an encomienda for his participation in several expeditions … ...The argument of Juan Gines de Sepulveda is that of negative feedback to what was experienced in the first encounter of the Spaniards and American Indians in the Sixteenth Century.  In other words, Sepúlveda considered the Indians to be pre-social men with no rights or property.  Between 1531 and 1540, he wrote several texts attacking the encomenderos and accusing persons and institutions of the sin of oppressing the Indians. The brutal awakening portrayed by de Las Casas in his account allows us to see what really happened in the Indies and prove why Columbus and other explorers aren’t the heroes their cut out to be. Massacre in the Indies Then it was very important that the crown acted--or was seen to act--according to Christian ethico-political principles established by the consulted experts. Intro: The discovery of the “New World” is portrayed as a wonderful time by almost all Americans on Columbus Day each and every year. He arrived in Hispaniola as a layman then became a Dominican friar and priest.  In 1544, Sepúlveda wrote Democrates Alter (or, on the Just Causes for War Against the Indians). In 1503, the Spaniards established the encomienda (from the Spanish encomendar ‘to entrust’), a system to organize the Indian population to meet the needs of the early colonial economy. Sepulveda sees this as disgusting and unimaginable for a human being. In 1550, Las Casas debated in Valladolid his views on the American Indians with Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda in front of the Spanish court. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. De Las Casas came from a modest family and was well educated. Isabel and Ferdinand’s grandson Charles was the heir to three of European dynasties and by 1519 he ruled over several territories in Central, Western, and Southern Europe, and all the Spanish Colonies in the Caribbean, America and Asia. Bartolome' de Las Casas left Spain in 1502 for the Caribbean, which was called the West Indies, where he became a hacendado of an encomienda (plantation) and a slave owner of native Americans. But many Christians are drowned along with the king. Moreover, the helpful sister was hanged as a apecial "honor" in return. The impressions I had about Columbus’ discovery of the New World are completely destroyed by this firsthand account of the horrible truth concerning the native people of America.  The text justified theoretically following Aristotelian ideas of natural slavery the inferiority of Indians and their enslavement by the Spaniards. A. He became a doctrinero, lay teacher of catechism, and began evangelizing the indigenous people, whom the Spaniards called Indians. Born in Seville, Las Casas and his father, Pedro de las Casas, emigrated to the Caribbean in 1502. He earns an encomienda for his participation in several expeditions and then proceeds to evangelize the Indians. In October, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, and a year later, the Pope Alexander VI issued a Papal Bull that granted the Spanish crown sovereignty over all the lands inhabited by non-Christians that they might continue discovering in the Atlantic. They are also poor people, for they not only possess little but have no desire to possess worldly goods. 1.   This settlement was located on the Gulf of Paria in the present-day Venezuela.  Grand Rapids, Mi:  William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997. Las Casas emphasizes on three main issues throughout his account. Another point that is being discussed by Sepulveda is that of the Indians not being in... ...An Account much abbreviated of the destruction of the Indies, Indianapolis, IN, Hackett Publishing Company INC., 2003 In 1523, he joined the Dominican order and became the prior of the Convent of Puerto De Plata. Across the Caribbean, he claimed the Spanish were responsible for the … They tortured, killed, hanged, burnt alive these innocent people. Bartolome de las Casas: A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1542) The Americas were discovered in 1492, and the first Christian settlements established by the Spanish the following year. With the support of the archbishop of Toledo, Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros, is named priest-procurator of the Indies. These people are the most devoid of rancors, hatreds, or desire for vengeance of any people in the world. If people knew the true story about what really happened as accounted by Bartolome de Las Casas then there would be less celebrating and realization that we, as people, are idolizing a false hero.   The Emperor often consulted theologians and jurists on several matters related to the Empire’s policy.  In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. 2. His extensive writings, the most famous being A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies and Historia de Las Indias, chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies. It is accordingly forty-nine years now since Spaniards began arriving in numbers in this part of the world. For this reason they are not arrogant, embittered, or greedy.  This genocide called the attention of those theologians like Vitoria and Las Casas who were concerned with the morality of the conquest. Isabel and Ferdinand’s grandson Charles was the heir to three of European dynasties and by 1519 he ruled over several territories in Central, Western, and Southern Europe, and all the Spanish Colonies in the Caribbean, America and Asia. They made the rulers watch as they raped their wives with no thoughts of regret in the Christian officer’s minds. As early as 1522 Bartolome de Las Casas worked to denounce these activities on political, economic, moral, and religious grounds by chronicling the actions of the conquistadors … a. the native Americans eagerly and consistently embraced Spanish colonial policies. B.   At the same time, he stated that evangelization and conversion should be done through peaceful persuasion and not through violence or coercion. Las Casas … And of all the infinite universe of humanity, these people are the most guileless, the most devoid of wickedness and duplicity, the most obedient and faithful to their native masters and to the Spanish Christians whom they serve. Nonetheless, as Brian Tierney states:  “In the end, all the writings on behalf of the Indians did little or nothing to ameliorate their plight. After taking the exiled king of India, Christians send him in a vessel to another place. [Biographical note: Born in Seville, Spain, in 1484, Bartolome de Las Casas became a loud voice for human rights of America's indigenous population. The Spanish King awarded de Las Casas and his family an encomienda, a plantation that included the slave labor of the Indians ), at http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/colonialism/ Simón Calle  Department of Music, Columbia University, Las Casas, Sepúlveda, and Vitoria lived during the first decades of the conquest of the Americas and consolidation of the Spanish Empire.  In 1547, Las Casas returned to Spain where he became an influential advisor to the emperor and the Council of the Indies until the moment of his death in 1566. There are many clues in this book which point to the exaggeration of its content. Thesis: The brutal awakening portrayed by de Las Casas in his account allows us to see what really happened in the Indies and prove why Columbus and other explorers aren’t the heroes their cut out to be. They are by nature the most humble, patient, and peaceable, holding no grudges, free from embroilments, neither excitable nor quarrelsome. The sons of nobles among us, brought up in the enjoyments of life's refinements, are no more delicate than are these Indians, even those among them who are of the lowest rank of laborers. Las Casas on the Five Kings of Hispaniola On this [island of Hispaniola], we knew five principal kings who governed and ruled it, and their names were as follows: Guarionex, who ruled in the happiest part or the Vega Real, which we said above had so many excellent qualities. ), at http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/colonialism/ Other Resources: Bartolome de Las Casas at http://www.lascasas.org Benjamin Keen, The Legacy of Bartolomé de Las Casas at http://www.roebuckclasses.com/201/conquest/legacylascasaskeen.htm Simón Calle  Department of Music, Columbia University, Las Casas, Sepúlveda, and Vitoria lived during the first decades of the conquest of the Americas and consolidation of the Spanish Empire. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born in 1484 in Sevilla, Spain.  This genocide called the attention of those theologians like Vitoria and Las Casas who were concerned with the morality of the conquest. De las Casas shortened the name to Española, and when d'Anghiera detailed his account of the island in Latin, he rendered its name as Hispaniola. I cannot even express in words the emotions that ran through my mind and soul as I read this terrifying report exposing the truth of our country’s beginnings. A king named Behechio and his sister Anacona make great services to Christians and they are beneficted from these deeply as they avoid innumerable dangers and remain alive. He was brought into the world of the America's through his father Pedro De Las Casas who was an encomiendo himself. The Conquistadors believed that the "little men" they encountered were inhumane in that for purposes of sacrifice the Indians killed their own people by taking out their hearts and placing them on alters. He father, a merchant, sailed with Columbus on his second voyage to the "New World." Las Casas succeeded in converting several tribes, but he failed to establish a model native colony. Las Casas Time Line 1484 Born in Seville to Pedro de Las Casas, a small merchant wealthy enough to send his son to learn Latin in the academy at the cathedral of Seville in 1497.Many older sources give 1474 as the year of his birth.   The work was published by his own request after his death. Many Spaniard missionaries sent to the New World, including Las Casas, noticed and denounced the brutal exploitation of Indians by encomenderos, and their lack of commitment in evangelization. Here those Christians perpetrated their first ravages and oppressions against the native peoples.  Grand Rapids, Mi:  William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997.  Grand Rapids, Mi:  William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997. Bartolomé de Las Casas, "Of the Island of Hispaniola" (1542) Bartolome de Las Casas served as a Spanish missionary in Latin America. Their repasts are such that the food of the holy fathers in the desert can scarcely be more parsimonious, scanty, and poor. Bartoleme de Las Casas, Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies. Bartolomé de Las Casas illustrates an extremely graphic and grim reality to his readers using literary methods such as characterization, imagery, amplification, authorial intrusion and the invocation of providence while trying to appeal to the sympathies of his audience about such atrocities. The native people were shut in a house and burned alive. In both middle and elementary school, I read about the discovery of Christopher Columbus and the evils of both the settlers and Native Americans. This island was inhabited by a native population known as the Tainos. Brian Tierney, The Idea of Natural Rights: Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law 1150-1625. He earns an encomienda for his participation in several expeditions … Album A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. The Spanish missionary Bartolomé de Las Casas’s intervention to prevent the genocide of the Indian population came too late to save the Taino, although it did lead to the introduction of enslaved Africans in the early 16th century, a solution to the Spaniards’ labour problem that Las Casas had suggested. In October, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, and a year later, the Pope Alexander VI issued a Papal Bull that granted the Spanish crown sovereignty over all the lands inhabited by non-Christians that they might continue discovering in the Atlantic. 1512 Becomes first priest to be ordained in the New World. Brian Tierney, The Idea of Natural Rights: Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law 1150-1625. From Bartolomé de las Casas Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies (1542) ... and to such a degree that this Island of Hispaniola once so populous (having a population that I estimated to be more than three million), has ... Bartolome de las Casas - Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies D. Epidemics brought to the Americas by Europeans. 1502 Leaves Spain for Hispaniola in the West Indies with the governor, Nicolas de Ovando. Sepulveda thought that the Indians were uneducated individuals that were uncivilized in the way they conducted their lives. Some critics of Columbus note the writings of Bartolome de las Casas, a Spanish Dominican friar born in 1484 who became the first Bishop of Chiapas, Mexico and advocated for indigenous Americans.   The Emperor often consulted theologians and jurists on several matters related to the Empire’s policy. ...American Literature  By 1492, Isabella of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragón had set the foundations for the unification of the several kingdoms that would later conform Spain. How can Christians justify themselves of their inhuman actions towards Indians? Many Spaniard missionaries sent to the New World, including Las Casas, noticed and denounced the brutal exploitation of Indians by encomenderos, and their lack of commitment in evangelization. First contact experiences on Hispaniola included brutal interactions between the Spanish and the Native Americans. 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