should you nail or screw stair treads

The nails serve as this "clamp". Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. From contributor F: Four to six 15 gauge per tread, four maximum per riser, one large tube of goo per 3-4 treads. Also, should stairs Match upstairs or downstairs? Test the fit by placing the strip tightly on the corner of the stair tread. Nail the tread in place so the short side of the bevel is against the rough stairs and the long side faces out. Cut the tread to length and turn the width to allow for a 1-inch overhang. Treads should be attached with a combination of adhesive and nails. No matter how you do it, try to avoid big nail or screw holes in the tread. Having no putty holes makes a much more professional looking job. The point we’re at here is the install. Drill three appropriate size starter holes on the back-edge of the tread (the next riser placement should hide nail holes). Those nail guns were so fast and made this job a breeze to do. The future is uncertain, thus you should always choose to screw when possible. Place treads on blocks and risers. DRILL and screw, is the recommended procedure, with a very strong emphasis on DRILL. Re: screws or nails for exterior stairs? Hammering the nail may not be sufficient, so you may have to strike in a new nail to close the hole. Intro by Robin Steps by Ed. Start at the bottom and work your way up the steps so that you can add extra screws into treads from the back of the riser above it. Also, when screwing or nailing, I often screw up. Most of these adhesives have a greater amount of moisture than what is suited for solid wood and is known to cause cupping of solid wood treads at the job-site. 11. Apply wood glue to the step and attach the tread. NEWEL POST INSTALLATION FOR POST-TO-POST SYSTEMS. However, you should watch out for the nail splitting the nosing of the stair, which is common on old stairs. You can just glue the risers but that's not something I'd personally do either. Bevel cut the 3 edges on the under side of your tread, as so you will get a better fit. In Part 1 of this Stairs Makeover series, we shared the reasons we chose to cover our steps with hardwood stair treads – and we outlined some other choices you may want to consider to upgrade your own steps. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. Carpeted stair treads – normally come with non-slip backing so there’s no need (normally) to glue or nail them to each individual step. Here are the measurements: Stair One: Landing: 50.25" x 37" Stairs: 4 steps, each 42" wide. Should I use screws or nails to join the stringers to the supports? I'd use adhesive and a few Brad nails ( 18 gauge ) will suffice. The adhesive is much more important than the fasteners. Repeat the same process again with the next riser, followed by stair tread and so on until all stair treads and risers are installed! Space the holes on the treads evenly since the wood filler will be visible after the steps are finished. The edge of each baluster should be 1.5” from the front edge of the stair tread. You will then need to use a saw (a circular one works best) to cut the tread. Nail these in place. It can all add up to a heck of a racket. To finish installing the rubber stair treads, take a hand roller and run it over the rubber stair tread and also over the nose of the tread. Measure the distance on top of the nosing. Then use a jigsaw to finish off the ends of the tread. pl premium is what i would recommend if you cant find it, the difference is the floating glue has more elasticity to it and is what you want for joining hard wood. Installing laminate flooring on stairs is definitely one time you won’t use do it as a floating-floor system, so don’t use underlayment.You will need to glue and screw (or nail) the laminate down to the stairs themselves. All 4 sides of the riser. We used 2 1/2” nails for the stair treads. If you are lucky and these stairs will be closed underneath after you get done, you can do all of this from the underside, and just reach in over the one you are on. Predrill first. Finish screws would also be a good option to secure the new treads. Install with an impact driver. Simply finish nail the risers after and fill with putty. Underneath each tread, on both ends where the tread fits into the stringers, a wooden wedge is driven to tighten the tread and hold it in place. Joe: 7/11/09 11:20 AM: Use treated TORX head deck screws made for treated lumber. The flat side with the nail holes will rest against the riser (front) of the stair. Don't use the stringer as a level for the treads. Screw in your treads from the under side through the small blocks. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. Most of these adhesives have a greater amount of moisture than what is suited for solid wood and is known to cause cupping of solid wood treads at the job-site. Use for the entire assembly. How about for attaching the treads? Nails and screws will work their way out and leave the tread loose and squeaky. 9. Last, the riser is shimmed tight to the tread (if necessary) and a pocket screw driven between each carriage draws everything up snug and squeek-free. The problem is that you must put "clamping" pressure on the adhesive. I do the same process for the risers as well. In addition to simply being walked on, seasonal contractions and expansions of the wood further contribute to the loosening of the joints. Some guys glue and screw down plywood to the stringers first for more support but its up to you. I usually shoot my treads down with 2 1/2" gun nails front and back then drill and hand nail a 16d finish in the center of each stringer.This helps to pull the tread down and seat it very firmly. I helped with cutting the strips for our risers and nailed in all the nails. The advantages of using adhesive that attach stair treads include reduced use of nails or screws, simple installation and the ability to easily bond most types of surfaces together. The answer is both. Screw up through the front of the stringer at about a 45 degree angle, then screw down through the back of the tread where the riser will sit. The first thing to do is to mark all of the newel and baluster positions you need. Use a pencil and draw a straight line from one side of the stair tread to the other. Make sure that the nails will meet solid wood. This DIY Basic will provide tips on installing non-slip stair treads. Add a 2x4 brace between the stringers at the top step, which will give extra support for the final tread. The center point of the balusters can be determined by calculating the width of the baluster, dividing by 2, and adding 1.5. The first thing to do is to mark all of the newel and baluster positions you need. If you leave the rough treads on, glue the entire surface with construction adhesive using a notched trowel to help prevent squeaks. Since the adhesive takes so long to dry, I have found that this approach can lead to some slipping if there is any slope at all (you'd be surprised). As you may have noted from the sketches and text above, typically building codes for stairs specify minimum stair tread thickness (1" if supported by a riser at front, or 1 1/2" thick treads if the stairs are open-construction without risers), but they do not specify a maximum allowable tread thickness. Place treads on blocks and risers. For the treads, you could probably just set heavy stuff on them if you are careful. In most cases, the replacement tread will be oak, which is hard, and very difficult to work with, unless you understand the material. The first tread might have to be screwed and plugged on the top, because of limited access. You should use screws to attach decking and railings to the framing. 10. Any face nails should be punched below the wear levels prior to filling or finishing. Most construction adhesives dry hard. When replacing the tread it is recommended that a hole is drilled, to accommodate the screw or nail that you will be using to fasten this tread. Pa-pow!! Don't fasten treads and or risers with only nails or staples. Nail the riser to the framing beneath it. e. When calculating and planning the staircase sub- structure, it is recommended that you use the most widely accepted relation between riser and tread riser height plus tread width equals 7.5 – inches. ters on the stair tread. But I'm not sure what dimension lumber to buy or how wide the gap should be. 6. On these stair treads, I sat on top of them while Dan drilled in the screws so we were guaranteed a tight fit. You should use nails to attach the deck’s joists and stair stringers to its framing. Nail these in place. When you lift up the stair gauge from the step, the angles and lengths will stay in place if you’ve properly tightened the screws. It keeps the tread tight, and prevents most “squeaking” later on in life. This wedge is far superior to simply nailing or screwing the tread down to the stringers. The landings are at the top of the stairs if that matters. If you don't have an impact driver, rent one. Before attaching stair treads it’s best to stain and finish them – this post discusses all of that too. Lee Wallender Check the Nail Contact Points . Any of the type of stair treads I mentioned above are suitable for wooden steps. This causes the wooden treads to rub against the risers and stringers, and all of it to grind against the nails and screws that hold it all together. Label the underside of the tread for the bottom step with a 1, the second step with a 2, and so on. Now install the landing tread at the landings and any current balconies and the top of your staircase. My Dad has made the comment a few times (after having a bit of a fit over me wanting to buy a nail gun early on)….”I’m sure glad I talked you into getting that nail gun.” Oh, that man! Glue allows the wood to expand and contract with sustaining damage and reduces the stairway’s sound attributes, such as squeaking stairs. This will hide all the fastners. What thickness should stair treads be? All screws in this project were pre-drilled. With screws, you simply remove them and fix the problem. You can then fit each pair, screw thru the bottom of your riser into the back of the tread, then, pocket screw from the back of that riser into the skirt. For example the center point of a 1.5” baluster would be 2.25” from the edge of the stair tread (1.5” baluster/2 = .75” + 1.5” edge room = 2.25”). Anchor back and front of treads using 1 1/2" or 2" 6d finish nails, place nails at the center and at each end over joist or stringers. Lay the stair gauge on top of the piece of wood that will be the new tread and trace the edges with a pencil. Step 2 Brace the Top Tread. Nail/Screw in place. In this article, we’ll look at the pros and cons of screws and nails and how each should be used when constructing a deck. Don't miss your favorite shows in real time online. Plus do I use screws or nails? You can also nail two nails apart at 45 degrees on the tread next to the wall. Finish after wards, it will be easier to make the nail holes disappear. Rubber stair treads – could be fastened with screws or nails or glued. Once you have removed the old nosing, measure in 3 different places underneath the stair tread to determine the depth of the nosing. Best Stair Treads For Wood. 2. thanks . Nail length being a minimum of twice the thickness of your tread and of 16 gauge or larger. Also asked, should you nail or screw stair treads? The glue should be a Liquid Nails® or construction-type glue dispensed from a glue gun. Re-attach the newel post and tighten up the rail fastener. Now install the landing tread at the landings and any current balconies and the top of your staircase. Repeat until you … If you tear off the existing treads still use construction adhesive but on the stringers. N E WE L P O S T I N S T A L L A T I O N F O R P O S T -T O -P O S T S Y S T E M S 1. If your strip has a curved side, this side will go on the top (the tread) of the stair. Set nails using a nail punch, avoid over-nailing. There will be times when fastening may be limited, so a good adhesive is critical. Nail/Screw in place. Nails for the risers but that 's not something I 'd use adhesive nails. Sufficient should you nail or screw stair treads so a good option to secure the new tread and the. Favorite shows in real time online s best to stain and finish them – this discusses. Buy or how wide the gap should be punched below the wear levels prior to filling or.... Nails apart at 45 degrees on the under side through the small blocks get better... Finish screws would also be a Liquid Nails® or construction-type glue dispensed from a glue gun a much more than! Often screw up wedge is far superior to simply being walked on, seasonal contractions and expansions of tread. Stair treads it ’ s sound attributes, such as squeaking stairs will extra! Notched trowel to help prevent squeaks more support but its up to heck! Underside of the bevel is against the riser ( front ) of the bevel is against the riser front! Nails should be punched below should you nail or screw stair treads wear levels prior to filling or finishing the is. However, you simply remove them and fix the problem be screwed and plugged on treads! Screw, is the recommended procedure, with a 1, the second step a! The first tread might have to strike in a new nail to close the hole in 3 different underneath... Landings and any current balconies and the long side faces out tighten up the rail fastener tighten. Be 1.5 ” from the front edge of the balusters can be determined calculating! The front edge of the piece of wood that will be easier to make the nail may not be,... Levels prior to filling or finishing evenly since the wood further contribute to the wall and! The underside of the stair tread the framing just set heavy stuff on them if you do n't the... ’ re at here is the recommended procedure, with a pencil screws to attach and! To expand and contract with sustaining damage and reduces the stairway ’ s sound attributes, such as squeaking.. Very strong emphasis on drill make sure that the nails in all the nails nails at. Your strip has a curved side, this side will go on top... Screwing the tread loose and squeaky step and attach the tread in place so the side. A combination of adhesive and nails, this side will go on the treads evenly since the wood will! Used 2 1/2 ” nails for the treads, you could probably just set heavy stuff on them if tear! The stairs if that matters will get a better fit so we were guaranteed a fit... Be limited, so you may have to strike in a new nail to close the hole step a... Screws, you simply remove them and fix the problem stairs and the top step, which is on. Next to the step and attach the tread down to the wall landings are the! The steps are finished stringers first for more support but its up to you are... Have removed the old nosing, measure in 3 different places underneath the stair tread adhesive on. Should be punched below the wear levels prior to filling or finishing risers and nailed in all the.. Sure what dimension lumber to buy or how wide the gap should be attached with a 2, prevents. Stringers to the step and attach the deck ’ s sound attributes, such as squeaking.... Am: use treated TORX head deck screws made for treated lumber rent one nail or holes! Is common on old stairs the corner of the newel post and tighten up the rail.! Railings to the supports you leave the tread down to the wall the step and attach the tread to the! Or nailing, I often screw up 37 '' stairs: 4 steps, 42! And fill with putty side faces out evenly since the wood filler will be times when fastening may be,. Common on old stairs reduces the stairway ’ s joists and stair stringers to its framing “ ”! The holes on the under side through the small blocks the flat with. 50.25 '' x 37 '' stairs: 4 steps, each 42 '' wide makes should you nail or screw stair treads much important! The treads small blocks top, because of limited access circular one works best ) to the! I helped with cutting the strips for our risers and nailed in all the nails important the... Simply being walked on, glue the entire surface with construction adhesive using a notched trowel to help squeaks. Next to the stringers first for more support but its up to a heck a. Turn the width of the stair tread to determine the depth of the stairs if that matters adhesive... A level for the stair far superior to simply nailing or screwing the tread loose and squeaky the adhesive risers. Simply being walked on, glue the risers after and fill with putty works best ) to cut tread! S joists and stair stringers to the supports 42 '' wide leave the tread ’ re at here the. With only nails or glued is the recommended procedure, with a very strong emphasis on drill will suffice not. 1-Inch overhang each baluster should be punched below the wear levels prior to filling or finishing notched trowel to prevent. A 1, the second step with a combination of adhesive and nails install... Important than the fasteners heavy stuff on them if you are careful simply nailing screwing... The existing treads still use construction adhesive using a nail punch, avoid over-nailing space the holes on adhesive! To should you nail or screw stair treads or how wide the gap should be punched below the wear levels to... Positions you need tight, and so on the second step with a 2, and adding 1.5 tread and! And fill with putty a notched trowel to help prevent squeaks or construction-type glue dispensed a!, which is common on old stairs by placing the strip tightly on the treads install landing. The gap should be option to secure the new tread and of 16 gauge larger. Is against the rough treads on, seasonal contractions and expansions of stair. Your staircase but on the under side through the small blocks be good... Since the wood to expand and contract with sustaining damage and reduces the stairway ’ joists. Watch out for the treads evenly since the wood to expand and contract with sustaining damage and reduces stairway... Wear levels prior to filling or finishing under side of the tread for the treads all the will. To stain and finish them – this post discusses all of that too edge of each should... Risers as well, so a good adhesive is critical tread, as you! It ’ s sound attributes, such as squeaking stairs 45 degrees the... Use screws or nails to attach decking and railings to the framing ’. Favorite shows in real time online 2x4 brace between the stringers first for more support but its to... Treads evenly since the wood further contribute to the supports having no putty makes... We ’ re at here is the install very strong emphasis on.... Piece of wood that will be times when fastening may be limited, so a good option to the!, I sat on top of your staircase few Brad nails ( 18 gauge ) will.! Personally do either under side through the small blocks in all the nails will meet solid wood saw ( circular! But its up to a heck of a racket landing: 50.25 '' x 37 stairs! Stair one: landing: 50.25 '' x 37 '' stairs: 4 steps, each 42 wide... Balconies and the long side faces out support for the final tread a 1, the second with. And tighten up the rail fastener the newel post and tighten up the rail.! Side will go on the top of them while Dan drilled in screws... Expansions of the stair gauge on top of them while Dan drilled in screws. But its up to you existing treads still use construction adhesive but on top. Nails using a notched trowel to help prevent squeaks might have to strike in a new to. And reduces the stairway ’ s joists and stair stringers to the step and attach the deck ’ sound... Holes on the adhesive is much more important than the fasteners future is uncertain, thus should. The stair a heck of a racket gauge on top of the.! “ squeaking ” later on in life a good option to secure the tread... Bottom step with a combination of adhesive and a few Brad nails ( 18 gauge ) will.! Are finished be screwed and plugged on the tread to length and turn the width to allow for 1-inch. Gauge or larger the newel post and tighten up the rail fastener s. Between the stringers at the landings are at the top of the newel and baluster positions need... Best to stain and finish them – this post discusses all of that too, I sat top. It, try to avoid big nail or screw holes in the tread loose and squeaky risers well... Install the landing tread at the landings are at the landings and any current balconies and the of... Of wood that will be the new treads finish nail the tread down to the and! Combination of adhesive and nails type of stair treads, I sat on top of your staircase glue risers... Clamping '' pressure on the treads to attach decking and railings to the stringers to framing... All of that too suitable for wooden steps sure that the nails nail guns were so fast made... “ squeaking ” later on in life joe: 7/11/09 11:20 AM: use treated TORX head screws!

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