baron von steuben facts

American Revolutionary history is filled with similarly outlandish Baron Von Steuben stories as well as evidence that this gay, flamboyant expatriate was a major factor in the Colonial effort to reorganize itself into a fighting force formidable enough to ultimately defeat the British crown. Learn how your comment data is processed. Through his channels he inquired about someone who would be able to train his men. Von Steuben's efforts were not just confined to the battlefield. In full military dress uniform, he twice a day trained the soldiers who, at this point, were themselves greatly lacking in proper clothing. After the war, Steuben served a very brief tenure in the tiny principality of Hohenzollern-Hachingen; however, he was eventually run off of his post by some seriously scandalous rumors about his sex life. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Von Steuben even "adopted" North and another young officer, Benjamin Walker, which allowed both men to live with him and not run afoul of any laws governing morality. In 1784, Baron Von Steuben became an American citizen. Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Steuben, also known as Baron von Steuben, Frederick William, and Freiherr von Steuben, was a military officer who served in Prussia and later in America during the American Revolutionary War. Internal administration had been neglected, and no books had been kept either as to supplies, clothing or men. September 1730 in Magdeburg, Herzogtum Magdeburg; † 28. He joined the Prussian army himself at age 17 and served on the staff of Frederick the Great during the Seven Years War. Von Steuben's acquisition of a military appointment with the Colonial Army was a long and circuitous process. Steuben became aware of the “administrative incompetence, graft, war profiteering” that existed. Before von Steuben, the concept of the latrine was unheard of in the Colonial military, so this newly instituted approach made everyday camp life a lot more bearable. He served as the inspector general and major general for the continental army. He is credited with being one of the fathers of the Continental Army in teaching them the essentials of military drills, tactics, and disciplines. Von Steuben's efforts were not just confined to the battlefield. He was essentially run out of Germany, when a General name Anhalt prosecuted him for his homosexual relationships. He was born while his father was an engineer lieutenant in the Prussian army stationed in the Magdebourg fortress. Towards the end of his life, Steuben indicated in a letter that “an inconsiderate step and an implacable personal enemy” led to his leaving the Prussian army. Franklin met with Von Steuben and took an immediate liking to him. He served as adjutant to the free battalion of General Johann von Mayr and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1759. Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben was born on September 17, 1730, in the fortress town of Magdeburg in Prussia but spent most of the first decade of his life in Russia with his father. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, auch bekannt als Baron Steuben (* 17. He was twice wounded in battle and even taken captive on the Russian front. Upon his release,von Stueben he was assigned to th… Er reorganisierte die Kontinentalarmee im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg. Baron Von Steuben, as he was known in America, was literally born into the military. It also sounds like von Steuben's household at Valley Forge must have been a pretty wild place. Eventually, though, von Steuben and Franklin reached an agreement they could both be happy with, and von Steuben agreed to report for the mere cost of free passage to America. Its basis was the training plan he had devised at Valley Forge. Steuben established standards of sanitation and camp layouts that would still be standard a century and a half later. When his father entered the service of Empress Anna, young Friedrich came with him to the Crimea and then to Kronstadt, staying until the Russian war against the Turks under the General Burkhard Christoph von Münnich. For this and other fundamental changes to military administration, in May of 1778, upon George Washington's specific recommendation, von Steuben was officially appointed Inspector-General of the army by the Continental Congress. Steuben laid out a plan to have rows for command, officers and enlisted men. He helped with organization of defense, logistics, and offensive maneuvers until he had to take sick leave. His father was an engineer in the Prussian army and von Steuben spent his early years in Russia, returning to Germany at age ten. While it can be debated how much a part Franklin played in the recruitment of von Steuben, one cannot doubt that one of the most informed people at the French court would know of the allegations against the baron. Fascinating trivia and things you didn't know about some of America's most interesting, influential, and controversial people. In fact, on his way to Valley Forge to report to Washington, von Steuben met William North, an officer in the Continental Army. He served as a second lieutenant during the Seven Years’ War in 1756, and was wounded at the 1757 Battle of Prague. Friedrich Wil­helm Au­gust Hein­rich Fer­di­nand Steuben (born Friedrich Wil­helm Lu­dolf Ger­hard Au­gustin von Steuben; Sep­tem­ber 17, 1730 – No­vem­ber 28, 1794), also re­ferred to as Baron von Steuben (Ger­man: [fɔn ˈʃtɔʏbn̩]), was a Pruss­ian and later an Amer­i­can mil­i­tary of­fi­cer. He was the only officer to travel with the incognito prince to France in hopes of borrowing some money. 1:46. The Prussian drillmaster instituted fundamental changes, placing kitchen and toilet facilities at opposite ends of any encampment, for example. In August 1759 he was wounded a second time at the Battle of Kunersdorf. Men relieved themselves where they wished and when an animal died, it was stripped of its meat and the rest was left to rot where it lay. When he heard that Benjamin Franklin was in France, he traveled there in hopes of offering his services to the Patriot cause. Unsuccessful, they returned to Germany where through the early 1770s von Steuben remained in Hodenzollern-Hechingen despite the prince's increasing decaying financial position. He served as Inspector General and a Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Kitchens and latrines were on opposite sides of the camp, with latrines downhill side. He went out into the camp to talk with the officers and men, inspect their huts, and scrutinize their equipment. Von Steuben Day parade. They introduced von Steuben to Ambassador Benjamin Franklin, but Franklin had been instructed by the Continental Congress to rebuff high-level mercenaries, and he was unwilling to offer payment in return for von Steuben's service. Then, in February, 1778, a Prussian nobleman by the name of Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben arrived. He subsequently attained the rank of captain, and served as aide-de-camp to Frederick the Great; in 1762 he was one of 13 young officers chosen to participate in a special course of instruction delivered by the king himself. November 1794 in Utica, New York) war ein preußischer Offizier und US-amerikanischer General. Baron von Steuben was a staff officer in the Seven Years War. He then tried unsuccessfully to join the ranks of the French and Austrian armies. By the mid-1770s, he had restyled himself as a baron, but was in fact desperate for money and a better position. Enter the fabulous Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. After the war ended, Steuben was dismissed from the army when Frederick the Great drastically reduced military spending. Because of this salacious and career-ruining gossip, von Steuben headed to France in 1775 in search of a military appointment. The Continental Army had fought bravely throughout the war, but George Washington wanted an army that would be able to look the enemy in the eye and not run. Steuben, by then serving in Washington’s headquarters, was the first to determine that the enemy was heading for Monmouth. There was the familiar arrangement of company and regimental streets. Reading Through History 1,902 views. In the Battle of Stony Point, U.S. soldiers attacked with unloaded muskets and won the battle solely on Steuben’s bayonet training. If there was ever an outfit in need of an emotional lift, it was the Continental Army in the Valley Forge winter of 1778. Baron von Steuben joined the Prussian Army at age 17. Soon after, he was discharged from the military because of speculations that Baron von Steuben was gay. Ever since he served under Josef Friedrich Wilhelm, rumors swirled of Baron von Steuben’s penchant for the same sex. Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand von Steuben (born Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben; September 17, 1730 – November 28, 1794), also referred to as Baron von Steuben (German: [fɔn ˈʃtɔʏbn̩]), was a Prussian and later an American military officer. He insisted, though, that ‘none should be admitted that had on a whole pair of breeches,’ making light of the shortages that affected the junior officers as they did the enlisted men.”. North, quickly became a part of von Steuben's entourage, living under the same roof at Valley Forge and eventually becoming von Steuben's aide-de-camp. Baron von Steuben arrived with his italian greyhound, Azor, his young aide de camp Louis de Pontière, and his entourage arrived at Portsmouth, New Hampshire on December 1, 1777. Steuben’s eccentric personality greatly enhanced his mystique. Baron von Steuben was born in the fortress town of Magdeburg on September 17, 1730, the son of Royal Prussian Engineer, Capt. Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. There are holidays, cities, corporations, non-profit organizations, and many other things that bear his name. German-Americans especially love to celebrate this day and many people consider it the precursor to Oktoberfest. Not only was von Steuben rumored to be a homosexual, but he was also said to particularly enjoy the company of young boys (a rumor that has never been substantiated). On May 5, 1778, on General Washington’s recommendation, Congress appointed Steuben inspector general of the army, with the rank and pay of major general. Steuben continued to have a strong presence in the Revolution after Valley Forge. Copyright © 2020 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, How To Understand the 1790 Federal Census, All Things Liberty – Impact of Baron Von Steuben, Find A Grave – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army, The History Junkie’s Guide to American Revolutionary War, The History Junkie’s Guide to Revolutionary War Generals, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, Middle Colonies Facts, Economy, and Influence, Baron Von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual: A Facsimile Reprint of the 1794 Edition (Dover Military History, Weapons, Armor). He inquired about serving in the British, French, and Austrian armies, but no positions materialized. He is said to have thrown the first underwear party in American military history: “The Baron hosted a party exclusively for their lower-ranking friends. This Prussian drillmaster established himself in the pantheon of stylish revolutionaries with his arrival in a horse drawn, fur-lined sleigh, accompanied by his gay lovers and a pet greyhound. Posted on Last updated: April 25, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. In 1777, he traveled to France, where he heard talk of glories and riches to be won in a revolution across the Atlantic Ocean. He served as inspector general and major general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. North, quickly became a part of von Steuben's entourage, living under the same roof at Valley Forge and eventually becoming von Steuben's aide-de-camp. He set aside his lavish lifestyle to stand next to his good friend, George Washington, and transform a ragtag group of farmers and hunters into the world’s premier fighting force. In 1784, Baron Von Steuben became an American citizen. Baron Von Steuben's March: Marches of the American Revolution - Duration: 1:46. Baron von Steuben, also called Frederick William, Freiherr von Steuben, in full Frederick William Augustus, Freiherr von Steuben, original name Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, (born September 17, 1730, Magdeburg, Prussia [Germany]—died November 28, 1794, near Remsen, New York, U.S.), German officer who served the cause of U.S. independence by converting the … Baron Von Steuben worked for the german courts after his military service. It was used by the United States Army until 1814, and affected U.S. drills and tactics until the Mexican War of 1846. In 1775 in search of a military appointment with the incognito prince to France 1775., placing kitchen and toilet facilities at opposite ends of any encampment, example! In the Seven Years war his services to the Patriot cause, cities,,. And circuitous process Army an estimated loss of five to eight thousand muskets pretty wild.... 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