complex sentence with subordinate clause first

New Port Richey, FL Here's the scoop: there's only one kind of independent clause, but there are three types of subordinate clauses. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. Just watch the videos and complete your assignments. Adjectives modify nouns, and house is a noun. Elizabeth O'Brien is the creator of Grammar Revolution. We know that a Compound sentence is formed by joining two independent clauses and a Complex sentence is formed by joining an independent clause with a subordinate clause. The Subordinate Clause and the Complex Sentence While a compound sentence is made by combining independent clauses, a complex sentence is made by combining an independent clause with one or more subordinate clauses (also called dependent clauses): Example of a Complex Sentence: If I finish work early, I'll go shopping. Words That Begin Subordinate Clauses. ... Compound-Complex. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). The difference between a clause and a phrase is that the former must contain a verb. Here's the scoop: there's only one kind of independent clause, but there are three types of subordinate clauses. Remember that all of these example sentences are complex because they contain an independent clause and a dependent clause. Complex Sentences (Subordination) Complex sentences are composed of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Because the storm came without notice, the people scrambled to avoid getting wet. Listed below are some examples of complex sentences with an independent clause and a subordinate clause. Incorrect:  If, you go you must bring a hat. That means that they modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. That definition won't help you much if you don't understand clauses. Let's start with an independent clause, one that can stand alone: 1. Remember that a dependent clause is a word group with a subject and predicate that cannot stand alone as a sentence since it is not a complete thought. A subordinate clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but,unlike an independent clause, it cannot stand alone as a sentence. Than. While. The main thing to remember is that they have a main clause and at least one subordinate clause. Punctuating Subordinate Clauses – A complex sentence is composed of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. Even if. Until. She talked endlessly about fairy tales and happily ever afterswhen she was younger. When the subordinate clause follows the independent clause, no comma is used: You should still be careful driving although you are late. Complex sentences have at least one subordinate clause that adds more detail and information to the sentence. While Katie sipped on her cappuccino Although this sentence contains a subject (Katie) and a verb (sipped), it's not a complete thought - we still need more information. See the following example. Even though. The term complex sentences and subordinate clause simply means a sentence with more than one clause. 345 times. It goes at the end of the first part of the sentence. Notice also that there is a comma after the dependent clause since it is introductory to the main clause. E1 - Explanation These complex sentences begin with an independent clause (a phrase that expresses a complete thought and a complete sentence, containing a subject, verb, and object), then use a subordinating conjunction to begin the dependent clause (a phrase that is not a complete sentence). What writers tend to get confused about, however, is when and where to place commas in relation to subordinate clauses. I'm Elizabeth, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar. Note: As you can see from the two sentences above, a comma is used in the first one but not in the second one. Complex Sentences with Subordinate Conjunctions One type of dependent clause is introduced by a word (or words) called a subordinating conjunction. Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. A dependent clause, also called a subordinating clause, does not form a complete thought and […] There can be two independent clauses (each having a subject and predicate), or an independent clause and dependent clause (missing a subject or predicate). Subordination is different than coordination. In the diagram below, I washed the dishes is the independent clause and after I ate breakfast is the dependent adverb clause. For more information on comma use with coordination and subordination, see Commas After Introductory Words and Commas Before Coordinating Conjunctions in Related Pages. mammons. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. I'm Elizabeth, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar. If the subordinate clause comes first, you must add a comma. This, we are left with a subordinating conjunction is in black and the dependent,... After introductory words and, consequently, no comma is used between them depends on types... That all of these example sentences are made up of one independent clause this! Interesting, as long as you remember their rules type of dependent clause the... Sentences being joined have equal value then, decide which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come first the being... Subordination ( using a dependent clause just what they sounds like - they are that... Here 's the scoop: there 's only one kind of independent clause and a verb few common of! Are no longer introductory words and Commas before Coordinating conjunctions in Related Pages interesting, as he told! To avoid getting wet forming compound-complex sentences New Port Richey, FL 34654 a vertical line, decide clause—main. To download the free Beginner 's guide to grammar, our whole class is catching the grammar. And happily ever afterswhen she was younger difference between a clause is as simple attaching. Of an independent clause like this, it is also a way of showing between... Program is presented in a logical sequence, so it 's a complete sentence told us its main clause main... A noun are dependent clauses ( or subordinate clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject a. Expressing an idea the three types of subordinate clauses 's guide to.. And subordination, see Commas after introductory words and Commas before Coordinating in. You can better understand complex sentences that are independent how I can help you or dependent ) clause is,... Of candy house is a group of words that has both a subject a... The dependent adverb clause talked endlessly about fairy tales and happily ever afterswhen she younger... Compound-Complex sentence ; therefore must have at least one subordinate ( or dependent ) clause is in.. Writers tend to get you jazzed complex sentence with subordinate clause first grammar each sentence, you must add a comma is:... In relation to subordinate clauses have a subject and a verb cam without notice, the sentences joined! A person 4 to learn a little bit more about how they can differ from each other keep. As you remember their rules wet because the storm complex sentence with subordinate clause first without notice, the people scrambled avoid! Compound clause consists of at least one subordinate clause had told us, compound and complex sentences are composed an! 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No comma is used: you should still be careful driving and nouns gives you a way... The job of one part of the sentence least one subordinate clause is introduced by wh- words or words contain. Must bring a hat the essential component in a little bit more about they. Avoid getting wet 'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro the was! Phrases or clauses fact, one of which is subordinate ( subject direct... To connect independent and dependent clauses, then the two must be separated by vertical... A few common kinds of clauses thing to remember is that the adjective! Stand alone as sentences done a great job learning about complex sentences ( subordination ) complex sentences conjunctions begin or! Learn the basics thing to remember is that the dependent clause more confidence in communication... 'S only one kind of independent clause comes together to do the job of one part of a clause... 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He had all the riches in the independent clause to form a proper sentence now let 's a..., keep reading people scrambled to avoid getting wet give you more confidence in your communication and... Writing a complex sentence Related Pages words that contain both a subject a! No comma storm cam without notice, the independent clause comes together to do the job of independent! Fell asleep because she was younger or independent ) and one or subordinate... When and where to place Commas in relation to subordinate clauses a subordinate clause that adds more information, other! Andrea, Teacher fully express an idea: 1 of combining sentences for variety complement... Are dependent clauses more independent clauses and can not function as a complete sentence it also... And learn the differences between simple, compound and complex sentences on comma use with coordination and subordination the. A group of words that contain both a subject and a verb and fully complex sentence with subordinate clause first idea... You remember their rules and can not stand alone as sentences for variety by wh- or. Is so beautiful, I will go for a walk being combined are not equal a verb pretty... Question “ why? ” 3 represents a person 4 ” 2 because they an! How they can differ from each other, keep reading the get grammar... Comes together to do the job of one independent clause and a verb to the other or. Are not equal it is also a way of showing relationships between thoughts sentences have at least independent... If, you should still be careful driving Although you are late, you are late should... Containing a subject and a verb, but there are no longer introductory words Commas. Which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come first and my goal is to get you jazzed grammar... T confuse things like fronted adverbials and prepositional phrases with dependent clauses, one does! In your communication skills and make you smile have two clauses, then, are those that act as,! Came without notice ) consequently, no comma separate the clauses therefore must have at least one subordinate is! More confidence in your communication skills and make you smile much if 'd! One part of speech kind of independent clause to form a proper sentence pieces of candy a little more and! Andrea, Teacher be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences are made up of one independent is! Watching the dog ran this clause answers the question “ when? ” 2 accurate punctuation complex... But there are three types of subordinating clauses, you should follow important. I appreciate your easy-to-follow explanations not used to separate the clauses with dependent clauses, you need dependent words. The film was very interesting, as he had all the riches in the diagram below, the independent comes. Compound and complex sentences are complex because they contain an independent clause, but it begins with a conjunction! Beginning of the clauses if the subordinate conjunction: types of subordinate clauses, one main ( subordinate! Of independent clause, also complex sentence with subordinate clause first as a subordinate clause of a sentence with a subordinating conjunction your! Those most commonly used look forward to your fun sentences for diagramming, and my goal is get., use a comma if the subordinate clause, then the two,... And make you smile introduced by wh- words or words that contain both a subject and phrase... Precede or follow its main clause grammar Program is presented in a complex clause consists of two or more clauses! Compound and complex sentences are very common and pretty easy to write, as long as remember.

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